IIAS Newsletter 47 Spring 2008

Japanese NRMs as 'multinational enterprises' and 'epidemics'

Hirochika Nakamaki

In the mid-1980s Hirochika Nakamaki wrote about Perfect Liberty Kyôdan (PL), a Japanese new religious movement with a strong presence in Brazil, comparing it to a multinational enterprise. Nakamaki was the first to name such religions ‘multinational religions’. A later article by Nakamaki on another popular Japanese NRM in Brazil, Seicho-No-Ie, employed the analogy of the epidemic to what he called endemic religion. This article briefly summarises the major findings of these two important studies.

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