Gender, nation and the politics of dress in 20th century Philippines
Mina Roces argues that there was an inherent tension between Western dress and Filipino dress throughout the 20th century. The contrast between these two types of dress came to represent opposing identities, though their associations with particular categories were not always static or predictable. Even in the gendering of costume, women were not necessarily always the ‘bearers of tradition’. Women’s dress however, continued to be the Other of men’s dress.
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