The Newsletter 66 Winter 2013

Ethnic insurgencies and peacemaking in Myanmar

Tin Maung Maung Than

Myanm ar is a multi-cultural, multi-racial and multi-religious society. Officially, there are 135 sub-national (ethnic) groups under eight major ethnic communities. Population estimates (the last census was in 1983) indicate that the majority Bamar (formerly called Burman) ethnic group constitutes over 60 per cent, while seven major ethnic groups and non-native (mainly of Chinese and Indian origin) groups making up the rest of the population.

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