Since late 20th century, "Urban Transformation" has gained more and more attention. China has urbanized rapidly in recent years; meanwhile, the world is facing great challenges in terms of the changing of global climate and the environmental resources pressure. The current urban development pattern is no longer suitable for the new circumstance.

Netherlands has made a great progress in urban renewal and regeneration among western European countries. The advanced ideas and rich experience of urban renewal in Netherland are worth us to study.

My research project at IIAS is Transformation And Development of Old Industrial City. The purpose of this study is to analyze the transformation process of old industrial city, mainly in three aspects, including how to develop the eco-system of old industrial city; how to adjust the industrial structure to fit the new challenge of the old industrial city and how to promote the public service facilities (e.g. improve the living quality of people in shanty towns) from the