Pamela H. Smith is Seth Low professor of History and founding Director of the Center for Science and Society at Columbia University where she teaches history of early modern Europe and the history of science.  She has worked on aspects of craft knowledge and its relationship to science for her entire career.  Her prize-winning books include The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire (Princeton 1994), and The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution (Chicago 2004).  She has also co-edited Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe (with Paula Findlen, Routledge 2002), Making Knowledge in Early Modern Europe: Practices, Objects, and Texts, 1400-1800 (with Benjamin Schmidt, Chicago 2008), and The Matter of Art: Materials, Technologies, Meanings, c. 1250-1650 (with Christy Anderson and Anne Dunlop, Manchester 2015), and Ways of Making and Knowing: The Material Culture of Empirical Knowledge (with Amy Meyers and Harold J. Cook, Michigan, 2015).  She is the author of numerous articles on alchemy, artisans, and the making of vernacular and scientific knowledge.  She has been a Fellow at the Wissenschafts-Kolleg, a Guggenheim Fellow, a Getty Scholar, a Samuel Kress Fellow at the Center for the Advanced Study of the Visual Arts in Washington, DC, and has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Andrew Mellon Foundation, and the National Science Foundation, among other honors.  In the course of her present research on vernacular knowledge systems of early modern craftspeople (1300-1700), she founded the research and pedagogical initiative, the Making and Knowing Project (, which investigates craft knowledge from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including hands-on reconstruction of historical techniques.  She has recently begun to work on the challenges faced by handcraftspeople in contemporary economies.