Dr Gupta's research focuses on reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) and genetic counselling in Delhi and Mumbai in India. Gupta studies how genetic counselling affects the perception of genetic risk. To understand these processes, she conducts fieldwork in hospitals and genetic counselling clinics. In her analysis, Gupta uses the categories of gender, religious affiliation, educational attainment and socio-economic status to understand the parental decisions made regarding whether to start a pregnancy or to carry the embryo to full term. At the same time, she relates her observations in these clinics to state-regulation, developments in the field of genetic technologies, national and international bioethical guidelines and the activities of parent and patient groups.