In China, urban planning of the placement of public facilities has often followed administrative directives, relying on planners’ experience and configured in line with national norms. In many cases, implementation can be worrisome for complex reasons.
The Netherlands is a representative of the European welfare States. The government and various organizations provide social welfare and public facilities to the residents. Comprehensive public facilities exist both in rural and urban settings, and in large ciries as well as in small towns. In Europe, various cases can be identified of urban renewal, urban integration and urban combination brought about by providing better public facilities and urban space. Neighboring towns seek collaborative development, under certain conditions, to increase their competitiveness.
My research project at IIAS is the planning of public facilities in the Netherlands. I will look into such questions as: What are the principles and aims of this planning in Netherlands? How to analyze and evaluate current conditions, understanding and requirements in an efficient fashion? And how to take effective countermeasures to offset the unbalance of social development? And so on.
The optimal allocation of public facilities is an important aspect of China's new urbanization. As such, this study aims to locate relevant cases, and examine their nature, advanced research methods, urban transformation techniques, and expression-analysis studies, with the ultimate goal to to help solve urban issues in China.