The so called "Color" or "Velvet revolutions" in the former soviet countries as Georgia (2003), Ukraine (2004), Kyrgyzstan (2005) revealed the great influence of political elite on the course of history. These countries after the collapse of the USSR faced the necessity to choose new paths of development as sovereign states; still they share the legacy of the common 70's history, during which they were parts of a powerful empire, the USSR, while preserving their traditional social structures and history. These states have to establish new institutes and create nation-building concepts. So far, the study of "transformation of elites" is urgently called for.